According to statistics from China Drying News, at present, there are about 2,000 kinds of dyes that can be produced in China. There are more than 800 varieties of dyes that are produced year-round, and the intermediate production is about 600,000 tons. In terms of varieties, China exports nearly 160 dye intermediates each year. Among them, the benzene and naphthalene cultivars were mostly 50% and 26% respectively; the lanthanum and heterocyclic intermediates were about 14% and 10% respectively.
At present, the dye intermediates industry in China has achieved notable results, but there are still many problems in the development of dye intermediates, such as the low quality of some dye intermediates, low technical level, and weak development of dye intermediates, which urgently need to be strengthened.
First, innovation issues
The sulphonation, nitrification, reduction and other unit reactions mainly use traditional techniques.
The actual problems existing in dye intermediate enterprises in China are: the sulphonation, nitrification, reduction and other unit reactions mainly adopt traditional techniques, the production technology is not advanced enough, and the production process also uses manual or semi-mechanized operation, compared with European and American products, etc. There is a gap in quality indicators and usability. As a whole, the technical innovation capability of China's dyestuff intermediates industry is not strong at present, and new product R&D investment is insufficient. This has led to the development of some new dye intermediates in China, which has affected the development and industrialization of new dyes. In short, China's dyestuff companies still have weak links in their production technology and processes, they have not improved their technologies, and their processes have not improved. There are gaps in quality indicators and usability compared with foreign countries. All these are bound to affect the development of the industry.
The second is market issues
The monotonization and homogenization of products in the intermediate industry led to fierce market competition and severe price cuts.
To develop the industry, the market is the key. At present, the single and homogeneous product of the intermediate industry leads to fierce market competition and severe price cuts. At present, China's intermediate production companies are of various sizes, most of them are small and medium-sized chemical companies, and there are not many large-scale state-owned or state-owned enterprises. The industry is facing problems such as resource reconfiguration and the pressure of market competition has increased. The manager of an intermediate production company frankly stated: â€œAt present, the economic environment at home and abroad is very poor. Especially with the increase in raw material costs and labor costs, so many enterprises want to survive, they must fight a price war and the competition is fierce. â€œIntermediate product prices have increased in the third quarter of 2012, with the current price of phenylenediamine products rising to 23,000 yuan/ton, and the current price of CDB rising from 36,000 yuan/ton in the second quarter of 2012 to 38,000 yuan/ton. ; p-phenylenediamine products, the current price has risen to 31000 ~ 32000 yuan / ton. In spite of this, the market environment facing the current intermediate industry is still severe, and the price war in some regional markets is still ruthless and has become an important factor affecting the development of dye intermediates industry.
Third, structural problems
Domestic dye intermediate production enterprises are small in scale and have a single structure, and only a handful of companies have formed economies of scale.
It is important to have a scientific and rational structure for the sustainable and rapid development of an industry. At present, the dyestuff intermediate industry in China has a single product structure, low added value, and low quality. China's dye intermediates are mostly bulky products with low added value. Some raw materials and intermediates still rely on imports. For example, fluorine-containing intermediates are mainly used for fluorine-containing dyes, fluorocarbon surfactants, fluorine-containing finishing agents and other fluorine chemical products. High-end applications. However, most of the products containing fluorine intermediates, especially high value-added fluorine-containing dye intermediates, need to be imported. This is mainly due to the fact that domestic dye intermediate production enterprises are small in scale and have a single structure, and only a handful of companies have achieved economies of scale, and there are fewer major industrial and large group agrichemical companies. This results in the inability of the company's economic strength and its limited investment in product development, resulting in the convergence of product structure, low-end products, low added value, and low quality. Unreasonable structure will inevitably restrict the development of the dye intermediate industry. Although China has become the production base of dye intermediates in the world, at present, the company still produces low-value-added dye intermediates such as phthalocyanine and acetanilide, and fewer high-value dye intermediates are produced. Therefore, compared with foreign dye intermediates, domestic companies still lack competitiveness. Therefore, structural issues are of critical importance.
Increase the investment in dye intermediates R&D
The demand for fluorine-containing intermediates for new fluorine-containing dyes on the market is increasingly urgent. Fluorine-containing dyes have shown rapid growth in recent years, and these dye products require a large number of different types of fluorine-containing intermediates. At present, domestic fluorine-containing intermediates have fewer species, less selectivity, and lower quality, and the subsequent high-end fluorine-containing fine chemicals The development of goods has formed a constraint. In the future, China should increase its investment in R&D and focus on the development of fluorine-containing dye intermediates and other domestic dye intermediates that cannot be produced. Accelerating product R&D is an important condition for companies to introduce new products and promote structural adjustment. To this end, we must accelerate the pace of integration of independent innovation, imitation, and innovation, and pay attention to the development of new varieties, such as benzene derivatives, heterocyclic and polycyclic intermediates, fluorine-containing compounds, and disperse dyes, acid dyes, and other professional intermediates. The development focused on strengthening the research and development and application of fluorine-containing intermediates such as aliphatic and heterocyclic compounds. Accelerate the creation of high value-added new products, the development of cleaner production processes, and the development of resource-efficient technologies, so as to adapt to the requirements of structural adjustment of dye products as soon as possible, and narrow the gap with the foreign dye industry to achieve the sustainable development of dyes in China.
Accelerate industry integration
In recent years, the rapid development of the dye intermediate industry has attracted many coveted investors. The companies that produce dye intermediates have mushroomed all over the country, resulting in a large number of dye intermediates enterprises in China and a generally small scale and low market competitiveness. Due to a large number of production enterprises, adequate supply, and competitive pricing, the profit rate of the intermediate industry has declined. To this end, it is necessary to gradually develop into large and powerful enterprises through industry consolidation, survival of the fittest, and elimination of the inferior. In this way, on the one hand, more resources and capital will be invested in advantageous enterprises to realize economies of scale; on the other hand, it will also enhance the R&D investment of enterprises and improve their core competitiveness. At present, the conditions for the formation of a large-scale dye intermediate enterprise group in China are ripe. Every year, a number of companies have taken actions in merger and reorganization. A number of dye companies and intermediate companies have jointly implemented upstream and downstream integration strategies. Many dye companies have successfully listed after reintegration, and have carried out capital operations and achieved very good results. In the future, industry consolidation will continue, and the aircraft carrier building dye intermediates will become the development direction of the industry. To this end, it is necessary to speed up industry consolidation, introduce "bigger" and "withdraw" mechanisms, and promote the healthy development of the industry.
Investigation begins with intelligence first
Investigation starts with intelligence. This is an important part of promoting the development of the industry. This is because in the era of global economy, companies are no longer just traditional opponents, but are all kinds of products and services brought by competitors around the world. As long as there is profit, market supply is no longer a problem, but which company can really grasp the market demand. Therefore, the intelligence gathering and market analysis work of the dye intermediate industry cannot be ignored. Enterprises should pay special attention to the development status of the world's leading dye companies. During the development process, continuous and systematic dye market analysis should be conducted. Comprehensive and systematic investigation of dye intermediates should be conducted in a timely manner. After comprehensive analysis, key development products should be identified. This is done. Good foundation for intermediate development work. If the market is likened to the battlefield, then our task of doing market intelligence work is like an intelligence system: analyzing the potential needs of different customer layers, understanding the existing and potential competitors of the market, identifying the target market for attack, and analyzing And formulate a feasible strategy that can occupy the target market as fast as possible. Through the analysis of external market environment, we understand the advantages and disadvantages of competitive resources and transform market intelligence and information into competitive strategies. This is the starting point for carrying out market intelligence work. Only by doing a good job of market intelligence and analysis can we achieve the most cost-effective product development and utilization model.
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